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Sunday, August 21, 2016

On Hillary, Us and Her Campaign

So much has been said and so much still should be said, of course, about any candidate for the presidency of the United States, but even more needs to be said about the first female to get this far in one of these races and here it is.


A bit from the article:

Let me be as candid and transparent as possible: I was a very strong supporter of Bernie Sanders, and until the past four weeks, held out great hope that he would become our next President. Over the course of the past month, I have had to do a great deal of reflecting and ask myself where does this seemingly irrational antipathy for Hillary Clinton come from? Why have I participated in it? After doing some research and looking hard at systemic misogyny, I have had to confront myself with the truth that I bought into a narrative about Hillary Clinton that has been produced, packaged, and perpetuated by mostly the GOP with the help of many democrats and independents.

This narrative is a 30-year-old vilification of a woman who is bright, independent, wealthy, and powerful — a woman who asks for what she wants and needs. How very dare you, Ms. Clinton? How dare you have a mind of your own? How dare you be bright and powerful? How dare you ask for what you want and need? Don’t you know these rights are still exclusively for white, Christian, cisgender, able-bodied, heterosexual men?

My research indicates that the reality — the facts (I realize facts are immaterial when talking to many Trump supporters) — are that Hillary Clinton is one of the most honest politicians tracked by the Pulitzer Prize winning fact-checking project Politifact. I would also call upon Jill Abramson’s piece in the Guardian. Most of you probably know Abramson from the Wall Street Journal or the New York Times. Abramson writes:

As an editor I’ve launched investigations into her business dealings, her fundraising, her foundation and her marriage. As a reporter my stories stretch back to Whitewater. I’m not a favorite in Hillaryland. That makes what I want to say next surprising. Hillary Clinton is fundamentally honest and trustworthy.

Members of the press, in their misguided attempt to be “balanced”, love to point out that we face a presidential contest between the two least-popular candidates ever. What they fail to do is analyze their own complicity in blindly adhering to the cartoon version of Hillary Clinton.

And it's so true. And it's so tiresome.

The Republicans and Right Wing have been investigating and attacking and publishing and printing and putting out material on first Bill Clinton, and now Hillary for years, undeniably. Virtually every bit has been fiction, at minimum, and frequently, far too frequently, out and out lies, fabrications and untruths. She and her husband have been investigated, honestly, more than any other two people in the entire nation and, very likely, the world.

Far too many have believed some or all of them, too, to all our loss.

This is, again, a hard-working, smart woman who wants good--maybe great?---things for her nation and for the people of this nation. She's been a Senator, she's been Secretary of State and in both she did good to great work. She's tested, God knows she's tested, and proven of worthy mettle.

So let's get over the misogyny. Let's get over the lies. Let's get over the untruths. Let's get over the fiction,  let's elect the first female president of these United States and let's get on with the work and progress or our nation.

On Jesu Cristo

Quote from FB friend Diana Pleasant-Hughes' page:

“Let’s remember, Jesus was a Jewish man of color, born homeless to an unwed teenager, who spent his formative years as an illegal immigrant before returning to his home country to hang out with twelve men, prostitutes, and socially untouchable tax collectors while he taught a radical social doctrine of equality, love, and forgiveness that included paying taxes, free healthcare, and the sharing of resources within a community.”

Really, Think About Those Ten Commandments

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Thursday, August 18, 2016

So Who Does the Missouri Fraternal Order of Police Endorse for Governor?

So who does Missouri's Fraternal Order of Police endorse for the state's next governor?

 Eric Greitens, Republican, left, and Chris Koster, Democrat

Do they endorse the gun-totin', shoot 'em up, extreme Right Winger who hates President Obama and all he represents and who also, by the way, has no government experience?

Don'tcha' just love irony?

What Fox and the Right Wing and Republicans Have Done to Media

What Fox and the Right Wing and Republicans have done to the news and media. This, from self-professed Right Winger himself Charlie Sykes(Click on page for larger viewing, possible easier reading).

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Saturday, August 13, 2016

Harsh Truth Today on this Presidential Race

I saw this quote today, this morning, out on Facebook and had to spread it as far and wide as possible.

"Only white people have the privilege of thinking Clinton and Trump presidencies would be equally oppressive or unjust. Those of us who share characteristics with the ethnicities against whom Trump has fomented hate do not have the luxury of self-righteously dismissing Trump's overt mobilization of hate as just a superficial difference from Clinton. 

Infantile leftists, however, continue to demonstrate their skin privilege every time they utter banalities about the evils of neoliberalism and elide those into the evil represented by white nationalism."

Thursday, August 11, 2016

If There's Any Hope for Kansas, It Should Be This Year

I just saw this headline today on the Facebook page of the Kansas Democratic Party, highlighting an article from the Wichita Eagle newspaper.


And it hit me.

If Kansas can't or won't "go blue" and vote Democratic Party now, when very Right Wing, Republican, uber-conservative economy wrecker and trickle down economy promoting Governor Sam Brownback has wrecked both the state budgets AND the economy and then a deeply irresponsible Donald Trump is heading up the Republican Party ticket for the presidency, it will never happen. There will be no hope. Ever.

Between that political party's gerrymandering and "voter ID" laws and then the propensity for Kansans to vote for these people?


God help Kansas.


Imagine if any one of these things happened in our US history.

--If Jack Kennedy hadn't been assassinated

--If LBJ didn't lie us into Vietnam and that war

--If Bobby Kennedy hadn't been assassinated

--If Richard Nixon hadn't been elected to the presidency

--If George W. Bush weren't successful in stealing the 2000 election

--If George w. Bush didn't lie us into the Iraq War

The ramifications of each would be huge.

Now, imagine if all the above occurred.

Tuesday, August 9, 2016

The Tragedy and the Irony

The state of Kansas, it is thought, never inspected this amusement park ride. This, from the Kansas City Star, today.

In the meantime, the young boy tragically killed in the horrific incident was the son of a Republican, "small government" state representative who is likely against government oversight and regulation.

Let that sink in.

Saturday, August 6, 2016

The Real Eric Greitens

It's clear Eric Greitens, Republican candidate for Missouri Governor this year, wants to tell one tale of  himself, that of Navy Seal, good or even  great American soldier, etc.  And that's fine. He can say anything and all he wants about himself, naturally.

But this is what his fellow Navy Seals have to say about him, in sharp contrast.

And for proof, for backup on this video, there is this, from earlier this year:

Navy SEALs claim credit for video 

critical of Greitens

I hope plenty of people will see this video. At 2:49, these actual Navy Seals point out that, and I quote, "Despite the opportunity, Greitens has never served in a Seal Platoon."

I think it's important to know this all and to get it out there to as many Missourians as possible.

Thursday, July 28, 2016

Entertainment Overnight -- Beauty

Eric Greitens Has Started Getting Into Trump Territory

Eric Greitens, Republican, far Right Wing candidate for Missouri's next Governor (shudder) is starting to send out messages that he's very like Donald Trump. That is, not just wrong but misguided and downright scary. His latest TV ad got me both scared and even angry.

President Obama, the "worst President of (his) lifetime."

Forget that President Obama helped bring us back from the worst economic downturn in 8 years since the last Great Depression.

Forget that President Obama saw to the saving of General Motors which has since come roaring back, saving literally millions of jobs. 

Forget that the stock market has gone to new highs during his Presidency. Forget that employment has gone WAY up during this same Presidency.

Forget that the deficit has shrunk, actually, factually shrunk during our current President's administrations.

Deficit shrinks by $1 trillion in Obama era

Forget and ignore that 20 million more Americans have health care insurance than used.

More Americans Than Ever Have 

Health Insurance Coverage

And then ignore or forget that, because of "Obamacare", America is spending far less on health care.

Health spending post-Obamacare seen 

$2.5 trillion lower 

And a lot more. 

Yeah, forget all that. 

Just call President Obama the worst President in your lifetime, completely forgetting the laws broken by Ronald Reagan and the nationally and internationally illegal war George W. Bush got us into in Iraq, by his choice and lies. 

Then, also forget that the same George W. Bush totally and completely ignored his Daily Presidential Brief, warning him Osama bin Laden was planning and preparing an attack on our nation, resulting in over 3000 lives lost that fateful day, 9/11. 

Forget, too--if you ever even knew it--that George W. Bush flew planeloads, literally planeloads of our own money, US cash, straight from the Federal Reserve into Iraq after he "liberated it", only to have it squandered because, yeah, that really happened.

So, yeah, if you forget and ignore all that and a lot more, I guess you could come to the rather bizarre, slanted and misguided conclusion that President Obama is the worst President of your lifetime.

It isn't President Obama and his work and his successes, his personal ones and his successes for our nation, that I find offensive.

It's Eric Greitens and his ads and lies and all like him and any who believe this scary nonsense.

Be afraid, people. Be very afraid when people like Donald Trump and Eric Greitens and heck, for that matter, Catherine Hanaway and others like them are all out there, successfully getting money from the wealthy and corporations, just so they can peddle their extremist, Right Wing fear and even, yes, lies.

Better yet. Get out there and vote.


Monday, July 25, 2016

This Convention Vs. The Last

Differences between this political party's convention vs. the last

--This one did have humor in it

--It looks like America. It looks like a rainbow of color, not a box of saltine crackers

--The convention hall is full, not spottily or partially filled

--There are no calls at this one for anyone to be "executed" or "hung" or even arrested

--There ARE calls, however, for, finally and at long last, rebuilding and improving our nation's infrastructure of roads, bridges and highways, etc.

--Signs this week? About love. Literally. "Love trumps hate.'

--Tears. There were already, on the first night, tears of joy, tears of laughter, tears of inspiration

--No hate

--No fear

--At the end of this one, I would nearly bet there will be no musical groups insisting the political party or candidate not play their music

Finally, there's this:

A huge difference between what this Democratic National Convention, this week, in Philadelphia, the "City of Brotherly Love" did vs. the Republicans' convention in Cleveland. One evicted them. This one found them beds and places to go.

Sunday, July 24, 2016

Another Scary, Right Wing Republican Candidate, Part II

There doesn't seem to be a shortage, especially this election year, of very, again, scary Right Wing Republican candidates running for office both statewide and nationally. Here, absolutely, is yet one more.

If he isn't a former military pretty boy who wants to wear--and is--his scary, nationalistic patriotism on his sleeve, then I don't breath air. He makes vague promises of "change" in his ads and that he will help us "take America back" but makes no specific policy stands whatever in all the ads of his I've seen.

Check out this headline from Mr. "I'm Going To Do Things Differently":

Eric Greitens Nabs Single Largest 

Campaign Contribution in Missouri History

    And then check out this little beauty. He frequently describes himself as a government "outsider." Yeah, he's outside government, all right. Heck, he's outside Missouri.

    Greitens' campaign mostly funded 

    by non-Missouri donors

    What's scary is that, besides being obviously handsome which, unfortunately, can get people like him votes, he's also a Rhodes Scholar, so he's clearly bright, but also, as mentioned a million times, at least, a former Navy Seal. That's one Hell of a package for an opposing candidate to go up against.

    Vote blue, Missouri. Vote blue but vote.

    Friday, July 22, 2016

    Question for the Republican Party

    How on Earth do you have a presidential candidate, on the last night of your big, once every four years political convention, go on for over an hour, promising the sun and the moon and the stars and balanced budgets and a wall between us and Mexico and equality to the LGBTQ community (who saw that coming?) and who knows what else and then, at the very end, once he's finally, finally finished, how is it you play "Can't Always Get What You Want" by the Rolling Stones?

    How do you do that?

    Was that code for "Suckers! You're no way getting all I just promised you!"?

    What the heck was that?

    It's not even the first time this was a thing for The Donald.

    'You can't always get what you want,' 

    Stones tell Trump

    It must be his way of telling the Stones, "up yours."


    That or he just told the American public that all he just promised was nonsense.

    Not that that wouldn't make some twisted, Trump-sense.

    Thursday, July 21, 2016

    This Convention Compared to the Next

    US President Barack Obama smiles as he arrives to address the final night of the Democratic National Convention at the Time Warner Cable Arena in Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, 06 September 2012. Obama accepted the nomination to run for a second term at the convention.  EPA/TANNEN MAURY

    Think about next week. Think about the Democratic National Convention, just days away from now.

    What a contrast.

    No hating.

    No calling for the opposing candidate to be hung.

    No calling for the other candidate to be executed.

    Far less fear, if any at all.

    People of color, minorities, far as the eye can see.

    The convention hall is full to capacity.

    There's excitement and happy anxiousness for it all to begin and take place. 

    And jokes. There will be humor mixed in, like there hasn't been at all, this week, from Cleveland.

    At least one former President will be on hand to see and be seen and speak because Democrats aren't embarrassed by, nor need to be of their former Presidents.

    And the sitting President gets to come out and speak and so many are looking forward to it.

    And why shouldn't they? Why shouldn't we?

    More people in our nation have health insurance than ever have before.

    We got out of Iraq. (Well, mostly).

    We've cut the deficit. Yes. Really.

    Deficit shrinks by $1 trillion in Obama era

    We've added more jobs, millions more jobs, since the horrible 2008 election and economic nightmare, with 248,000 added just last month.

    Not one true scandal out of this White House and/or administration in these 7 years. That's pretty huge.

    In fact, there's plenty for Americans to be both happy and proud of.

    So yeah, bring on this Democratic National Convention.  Let's put things back in perspective.

    Let's let the adults take back over the narrative.

    Republicans Have Gotten Out-and-Out Scary

    fear mongering Republican presidential candidates Ben Carson, Do

    The Republicans need to lose and lose big this Fall, in the elections, so they hopefully learn lessons and then "come down off the ledge", so to speak, and rejoin the rest of sane, mature, intelligent, educated, far less-emotional America.

    It's not about their political party being wrong and ours being right, either.

    This is about their calling for the opposing candidate to be killed, etc., etc. They've gone off a very dangerous and deep end.

    This, I think, is what we get for ugly, emotional, out of control hate and rhetoric from Right Wing radio and TV. It's what comes from having killed the "Fairness Doctrine" in our media, years ago.

    "Tom Tomorrow", as usual, has these people, and their convention, down. You should see all three of these.

    This Modern Convention: Day One

    And while Mr. Tomorrow is satire, there are extremely accurate, legitimate and even true descriptions of what has happened, what has actually taken place at this nearly insane and certainly irresponsible political  convention.

    Happy Birthday, Roy Inman!

    Yes, indeed, wishing a very happy, happy birthday to Kansas City's own professional photographer and area history recorder, Roy Inman.

    Roy Inman

    Roy Inman Photographs | Facebook

    No one has documented this city or area or region and people any more or better than you, sir. Thank you and kudos to you for your work, all these years. Terrific stuff.

    For, I believe, all his working life, Roy has been photographing and documenting Kansas City, the metropolitan area and region, at least. Some of the best photos of and in the area were captured by him. It was only last Fall, Roy got on top of Union Station, for just a moment, just a shot and got what I believe most everyone in the area thinks is the best photo of the celebration there for our world champion Kansas City Royals. (Go to his Facebook page to see it, at least. It's also available for sale).

    If you follow him on Facebook, you will frequently get some terrific Kansas City and local history as well as information on past trains and planes from the nation and world. It's interesting and fun, frequently.

    So, again, happy birthday, Roy Inman and thank you for all the years you captured us and our city. We appreciate all you've done and all you've captured for us.

    As an extra, added bonus this year, I know you are aware the President and Royals are giving you an extra special gift, too.

    Champion Kansas City Royals to visit 

    White House July 21


    Some Relevant Missouri History

    I saw this today from the New York Times. Given the presidential election currently proceeding, it's interesting to see how we've developed and changed--at least somewhat--and where our past leaders and current policies came from.

    Harry S. Truman

    Choosing a vice-presidential nominee has never been easy, but once upon a time the candidate at the top of the ticket didn’t have to sweat it, as it wasn’t his decision.

    In the latter half of the 1800s, the power to pick a running mate often belonged to the party bosses who ran the local political machines. They helped determine turnout, which helped decide elections. Their strategy centered on geographic balance.

    One of the their last great convention victories came on this day in 1944, when they replaced on the ticket President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s vice president, Henry A. Wallace, with Harry S. Truman, a Missouri senator.

    Truman wasn’t the top choice of likely Democratic voters. A Gallup poll that July found that 65 percent preferred Wallace, and Truman came in eighth place, with just 2 percent.

    Roosevelt didn’t want him either. The three-term president said that if he were a delegate, he would back Wallace, whom conservative party bosses opposed. Roosevelt’s wishes were ignored, and when a delegate tried to enter the vice president’s name for the nomination, the day’s proceedings were quickly adjourned.

    The decision was momentous, as Roosevelt died less than three months into his fourth term and Truman ascended to the presidency. Today, it’s customary for a convention to honor the presidential nominee’s choice for vice president.

    One More Dangerous Right Winger Running For Office

    I just saw this ad, last evening, on television, for one Republican Will Kraus running, as I'm told, for Secretary of State.

    And he is, once again, dangerous as so many Right Wingers and Republicans are.

    And here's why.

    First, he begins by injecting (infecting?) religion into what is a race for a government position by saying he's "Sustained by faith in Christ..."

    Could we have at least a LITTLE separation of Church and State?  Please?

    Next, he comes out to support the Republicans' voter ID laws and we know what those are.

    Proposed voter ID law is both 

    unnecessary and expensive

    He follows that up by saying he will "... report Liberal schemes to cheat at the ballot box", all the while showing a sign for the Acorn group.

    Investigations and facts from these have since shown that the group that tried to "expose" the Acorn group lied and that Acorn was doing good and important work.

    Voter ID laws are famously, provenly expensive for governments, wasteful, unnecessary and discriminate against minorities, most notably Blacks and Hispanics but also the poor and elderly. Voter ID laws are created to take away the votes, disenfranchise Americans. Voter ID laws are decidedly un-American.

    Finally, he ends this ad with the claim that he will "...protect the voting rights of our troops fighting abroad..."

    Since when was that an issue? For whom is that a problem? Who is attacking American soldiers' voting rights?  Who's doing that?  No one I know. Not one person, not one group. I don't know where this is coming from.

    It needs to be said. It needs to be clear. This guy, given this ad, is just either empty or out and out dangerous. Disenfranchising Americans, for one, to begin, is just un-American. 

    He's dangerous the way Catherine Hanaway is dangerous and the word needs to get out.

    Who knows what else he's for but just this one, brief ad shows he's dangerous and should be avoided at all cost.

    Wednesday, July 20, 2016

    Donald Trump: What This Really Is

    Donald Trump's Republican National Convention, Night II

    New York supporters eager to represent Trump at convention

    Every time a candidate for national political office promises he's going to rebuild our military, as Trump just did, I want to scream.

    Suddenly, according to Mitch McConnell, they're "Clinton Democrats."

    I love this.

    Every time Mitch McConnell comes out to speak--twice tonight--he's booed.

    I love 'em.

    Republican, just now, on Hillary Clinton, says she would be a continuation of the status quo.


    The first woman president. Ever. In the history of our nation.

    Got it.

    Now Chris Christy tells us Hillary is for Syrians, not Americans, not America.


    That convention hall isn't full.

    Nowhere near it.

    Compare, in a week, to the Democratic convention.

    Trump's oldest son has made fun of Harvard and Wharton schools and students and "fancy colleges" just now.

    And not just once but twice.

    "Everyone can prosper, together."

    --Donald Trump's oldest son, tonight at the RNC Convention.

    They just need to be given a million dollars to start their career like his father.

    Donald Trump's oldest son says his father wants us to have the same opportunities his own children had.

    I'm hoping he has all our mailing addresses to send the checks.

    What you don't know about this Republican National Convention tonight if you've only watched TV, possibly, is that there were fights in the hall, among the Republicans, by different people, fighting for their states' votes, protesting the results of the vote and how their states votes were recorded.

    Donald Trump's oldest son, Donald Trump, Jr., says a President Trump (shudder) will see to it all advance, not just the "crony elites at the top of the heap."


    Really. He has to stop. He's killing me.

    That this evening's theme for the Republican National Convention is "Make America Work Again" is, once again, rich.

    It's been the Republicans in the House of Representatives and Senate, in Washington, that have, since 2008, since President Obama was first elected, that have blocked an jobs and/or infrastructure bills for the nation. Americans need the jobs, our infrastructure, heaven knows, needs the updating and improvements and the economy, then to now has needed the boost.

    But not one, not one jobs bill from this Republican Congress.

    Finally, at long last, someone on TV news mentions that the convention is grossly under-attended and the convention center largely under-filled.

    And the ones that are there are in deep disarray.

    People are being shot and killed in our city, our cities, our state, our region and the nation in small and large numbers, daily yet we still have candidates of all stripes, saying they're fighting for "gun rights."


    How many more gun rights do we need?

    Isn't it clear it's "gun rights" that are getting all these people killed?

    And they don't see this?

    Tuesday, July 19, 2016

    Notes and Observations of a Republican National Convention, Night One

    Monday, Night 1

    So, what was that entrance, Donald Trump?

    According to one of the panelists just now on PBS, Melania Trump doesn't want Donald to be president, either.

    Suddenly I like her.

    Good God. Tom Cotton.

    If there's a bigger, more empty demagogue, I don't know them.

    Tom Cotton, a nearly bleached white boy from Arkansas, saying we're all born equal.

    If he were any less informed someone would have to tell him how to breathe.

    "No enemy the American military can't defeat....."

    Well, except Vietnam.

    And Iraq.

    And Afghanistan.

    For the Republicans, at this political party convention of theirs, to bemoan the shootings in our nation of late when they and their blinding support of guns and the NRA and their constant blocking of required background checks for mental stability and criminal history all got us to where we are is nearly maddening.

    Alabama Senator Jeff Sessions, bitching about not enough jobs in America. Not one Republican in Congress all the way back to 2008, ever wrote, proposed or tried to pass a jobs/infrastructure bill for those jobs, improved infrastructure and a rejuvenated economy.

    Then he goes on to say "Donald Trump will kill Obama trade."


    He wants more jobs but then he wants to kill "Obama trade"?

    What the hell is Obama trade?

    What is that old fool rambling about?

    "Thank you to the Cleveland Police Department for protecting us!"

    ---Former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani

    But we are not honoring your request to deny open carry of weapons at our convention!

    How rich is that, for Republicans, now, to claim Hillary is a liar?

    Compared to Donald Trump?

    "Donald Trump loves all people!"

    --Rudy Giuliani

    Yeah, just not Muslims. Or Mexicans. Or gays. Or women. Or the poor. Or the disabled or physically-challenged.

    If the Republicans didn't want the power and the White House back again, they would be embarrassed. Embarrassed by this candidate Donald Trump. And they would know they should be.

    I hope the Democratic Party doesn't miss out on the opportunity to hear from an underwear model and their opinion on this campaign for the leader of the nation for at least the next 4 years.

    Stephen Colbert is savaging The Donald on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert just now. It's pretty wonderful.

    The Republican National Convention, 2016.

    The gift that keeps on giving.

    Monday, July 18, 2016

    Harvard Study On Guns, Summary


    6. A summary of the evidence on guns and violent death

    This book chapter summarizes the scientific literature on the relationship between gun prevalence (levels of household gun ownership) and suicide, homicide and unintentional firearm death and concludes that where there are higher levels of gun ownership, there are more gun suicides and more total suicides, more gun homicides and more total homicides, and more accidental gun deaths. (bolding and italics added for emphasis).

    This is the first chapter in the book and provides and up-to-date and readable summary of the literature on the relationship between guns and death. It also adds to the literature by using the National Violent Death Reporting System data to show where (home or away) the shootings occurred. Suicides for all age groups and homicides for children and aging adults most often occurred in their own home.

    Miller M, Azrael D, Hemenway D. Firearms and violence death in the United States. In: Webster DW, Vernick JS, eds. Reducing Gun Violence in America. Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

    Harvard Study On Guns V


    5. More guns = more homicides of police

    This article examines homicide rates of Law Enforcement Officers (LEOs) from 1996 to 2010. Differences in rates of homicides of LEOs across states are best explained not by differences in crime, but by differences in household gun ownership. In high gun states, LEOs are 3 times more likely to be murdered than LEOs working in low-gun states.

    This article was cited by President Obama in a speech to a police association. This article will hopefully bring police further into the camp of those pushing for sensible gun laws.

    Swedler DI, Simmons MM, Dominici F, Hemenway D. Firearm prevalence and homicides of law enforcement officers in the United States. American Journal of Public Health. 2015; 105:2042-48.


    Harvard Study On Guns IV


    4. Across states, more guns = more homicide (2)

    Using survey data on rates of household gun ownership, we examined the association between gun availability and homicide across states, 2001-2003. We found that states with higher levels of household gun ownership had higher rates of firearm homicide and overall homicide. This relationship held for both genders and all age groups, after accounting for rates of aggravated assault, robbery, unemployment, urbanization, alcohol consumption, and resource deprivation (e.g., poverty). There was no association between gun prevalence and non-firearm homicide.

    Miller, Matthew; Azrael, Deborah; Hemenway, David. State-level homicide victimization rates in the U.S. in relation to survey measures of household firearm ownership, 2001-2003. Social Science and Medicine. 2007; 64:656-64.